New York City Summons Court cases often conclude with New Yorkers pleading to a non-criminal violation and paying a fine. Upon first impression, cases concluding with a non-criminal violation appear inconsequential. However, even pleas to non-criminal violations taken in Summons Court can lead to devastating consequences for non-citizen clients in the immigration context. This advisory provides guidance for defense attorneys about the immigration consequences of pleading guilty to N.Y.C. Admin Code § 10-179, a common Summons Court disposition.