Surveillance, Tech & Immigration Policing

IDP’s project on Surveillance, Tech & Immigration Policing

Governments are increasingly joining forces with technology corporations to develop tools to identify, track, and surveil people within and across national borders. Surveillance to track and police people is also converging with urban “Smart Cities” initiatives, where massive amounts of data are collected and analyzed from public transactions and interactions, such as transit systems, public Wi-Fi, and cashless payments. Not only are tech corporations expanding their role in local governance by providing critical services to automate and centralize a wide range of government services, these corporations are increasingly defining our collective future and undermining democratic governance and struggles for justice and equality. IDP’s Surveillance, Tech & Immigration Policing project works at the intersection of the criminal legal and immigration systems, challenging the role of tech in reinforcing unequal power relationships. This project aims to support initiatives an organizing to build the knowledge and political infrastructure to effectively engage the long-term fight to turn the tide on the ICE policing and the growing surveillance state, and towards a just digital future.

  • ICE Raids and Surveillance
    As the anti-immigrant climate has accelerated, advocates have been confronted by a rapidly expanding surveillance state. Using tools developed for military applications, as well as tools developed by Silicon Valley tech corporations, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has escalated raids, becoming a near permanent presence in cities like New York—targeting people at homes, courts, workplaces, and on the streets. ICE has also effectively made local policing an extension of the deportation police force. This includes automatic data sharing between police and DHS, and encouraging police and jails to turn people in local custody over to ICE.

    As ICE raids have accelerated over the past seven years, IDP has monitored ICE raids trends and tactics in New York, including ICE surveillance tactics. We use the information gathered from this monitoring ICE tactics to help guide our community defense resources and trainings and to build campaigns such as ICE Out of Courts.
  • Digital IDs: Campaign to Preserve the IDNYC
    In late 2018, the coalition that formed to design, launch and promote the IDNYC (NYC’s municipal ID card) learned that the administration of the City of New York had issued a request for proposals to add a smart chip to the IDNYC. According to the solicitation, the chip would allow cardholders to load funds onto their IDNYC cards, make payments to private vendors, and enable “integrations with public and private partners, such as the MTA’s planned contactless fare payment system and NYC Health + Hospitals medical records.”

    We have expressed steady concerns that this plan would expose cardholders—particularly immigrant New Yorkers—to serious privacy, surveillance, consumer protection, and other unwarranted risks. These very real risks far outweigh any purported benefits the plan would provide to New Yorkers. Learn more about the issue by visiting the link above.
  • ICE & Biometrics
    IDP is investigating ICE DNA practices during processing since the DOJ issued its final rule to collect DNA from people in immigration custody and other possible policy changes. If you have any information on examples of people who have been swabbed for DNA in connection with an arrest by DHS, and particularly ICE, please contact us via the webform below.

    IDP submitted a comment in response to the proposed rule issued by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), titled Collection and Use of Biometrics by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. IDP strongly opposed the proposed rule and urged that it be withdrawn.

    IDP is also part of a campaign to pass state legislation to ban rogue DNA databases (Senate Bill 1347). This bill would curtail reckless and harmful DNA collection that is happening across the State, and, most egregiously, in New York City. See IDP's memo of support.
  • Smart Borders or a Humane World?
    A report published by IDP’s Surveillance, Tech and Immigration Policing Project and the Transnational Institute

    by Mizue Aizeki, Geoffrey Boyce, Todd Miller, Joseph Nevins and Miriam Ticktin.

    The report, “Smart Borders or a Humane World?” delves into the rhetoric of “smart borders” to explore their ties to a broad regime of border policing and exclusion that greatly harms migrants and refugees who either seek or already make their home in the United States. Investment in an approach centered on border and immigrant policing, it argues, is incompatible with the realization of a just and humane world.
  • Challenging Perpetual Punishment
    The deportation system increasingly draws strength from the logics that drive the mass incarceration system. Over the past 17 years, the U.S. government has divested from social welfare and invested tremendously in what is now the world’s largest system to surveil, police, arrest, detain and deport immigrants". Rooted in a history of racist scapegoating, the threat of immigrant criminality has become an increasingly central justification for mass deportation. ICE has taken advantage of well-developed carceral logics to justify the need to protect “public safety” from immigrant criminality through mass deportation. In doing so, the agency has relied on longstanding logics that fuel policing and mass incarceration, a key one being that some people represent a perpetual threat and therefore are deserving of extremely punitive measures. Immigrants with criminal contact find themselves in the crosshairs of ICE’s policing dragnet—not only because a wide range of criminal convictions trigger deportation, but also because the federal government has effectively made local policing an extension of the deportation police force. IDP works alongside those who have been directly impacted by the system to challenge the logics that justify permanent punishment and to expand the political space to fight back against criminalization.
  • Mijente's #NoTechforICE
    IDP works closely with Mijente on their #NoTechforICE campaign. In 2018, we jointly issued “Who’s Behind ICE? The Tech Companies Fueling Deportations”. This report focuses on how tech companies and contracts are fueling immigration policing and what we can do to expose and hold these actors accountable.

    IDP is also working with Mijente, Law Students Against ICE, and Researchers Against Surveillance to call on Thomson Reuters and RELX (parent company to Lexis-Nexis) to end their contracts with ICE. Learn more about how Thomson-Reuters and RELX fuel ICE's deportation machine here.
  • COVID Surveillance
    We have also partnered with Just Futures Law’s COVID-19 FOIA Project, to monitor how government and tech companies are rapidly expanding tech surveillance and to ensure that a public health emergency is not misused to increase deportation and criminalization. Read a factsheet on HHS Protect, a vast secretive database designed by Palantir, and why it is to troubling.

    IDP also worked with allies to ensure that the Governor signed the Contact Tracing Confidentiality Act Contact Tracing Confidentiality (S.8450-C/A.10500-C).The New York State Legislature passed this act in July to protect contact tracing data from police and ICE, and the Governor signed it into law on December 23, 2020. Press release here.
  • Ban the Scan: Outlaw Facial Recognition in New York
    IDP joined Amnesty International, the Surveillance Technology Oversight Project, the New York Civil Liberties Union, the Electronic Frontier Foundation to call for New York City and State to outlaw government use of facial recognition. New York would join a growing number of cities and states that have outlawed facial recognition, including Boston, San Francisco, Portland and Vermont. Learn more press launch of the event on January 26, 2021.

    In March 2021, IDP submitted an updated comment in opposition to the proposed rule by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to expand collection of biometric data, including facial recognition, upon entry and exit from the United States.